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SPECIAL OPERATIONS

SPECIAL OPERATIONS

Command Special Operations Forces

Capable of successfully accomplishing exceptional missions that border on the impossible, Navy Special Operators emulate their daring predecessors, Ensign Félix Carlos Bondy Telleria, main character of the sinking of the Chilean ship Loa, on July 3, 1880 in Callao; Ensign Decio Oyague, who sunk the Chilean ship "Virgen de Covadonga" on September 13, 1880, in the waters of Chancay and the actions of May 24, 1880, by the LTJG Jose Gálvez, who sunk the enemy boat Janequeo, in a confrontation with torpedo launching boats.

Inspired by these pioneers of Special Naval Operations in Peru and based on the success of elite units during World War II with the Italian Flotilla MAS and the UDT of the US Navy, the Special Operations Force was born in the bosom of the then Service of Diving and Rescue.

In 1958, LT Angel Castro along with four Petty Officers were sent to the Deep Diving School and then to the Basic Underwater Demolition School (BUD's) in the United States Navy. Subsequently, the Peruvian Navy continued to assign officers and junior staff to these programs.

With this background and thanks to an initiative of the Joint Command of the Armed Forces, a board was appointed to evaluate the possibility of having a unit of tactical divers. This is how the School of Underwater Demolition was created on March 27th, 1969, in which the first course of Underwater Demolition (DES) was attented by volunteers from the Diving and Rescue Service, as well as other specialties.

In the early 1970s, both the Underwater Demolition School and the Underwater Demolition Team remained attached to the Diving and Rescue Service as an organic department. However, the marked difference in roles demanded that the Underwater Demolition Team be strengthened as a Combat Unit. Finally, the naval high command decided to grant this service the status of Offical Combat Unit to the Underwater Demolition Team on May 29th, 1972, separating it organically and administratively from the Diving and Rescue Service and changing the name to the Submarine Demolition Group.

This organizational change led to the redefinition of the Underwater Demolition Group mission, introducing for the first time and officially the concept of "Special Operations" in the Peruvian Navy. On December 27th, 1978, the change of denomination was made available to the Special Operations Group. Finally, a few months later, in 1980, the then Ministry of the Navy resolved that the Naval Forces be formed, including the recent Special Operations Force.

Special Operators are men of cemented values, sagacious, with superior intellect, physical and mental strength; conditions that are obtained after a long and rigorous selection process, complemented by constant training. This makes them the elite combatants of the Peruvian Navy, able to perform in sea, air and land.

The presence of Special Operations in naval planning is transcendental, because they are an operational asset capable of producing effects at a strategic level and contribute at the tactical level, with innovative and bold solutions to complex military tasks. Therefore, their philosophy of life says it all: "The Man is the Weapon".

Special Operations in the amphibious environment include long range infiltration operations from submarines or boats of various sizes, espionage, assaults and sabotage to moored or sailing vessels and port facilities. They carry out reconnaissance of beaches, blasting of submarine obstacles, and inspections of the hull of naval units.

In the air, they use various airborne techniques such as controlled jumps and high altitude jumps with HAHO HALO, launching of fully equipped boats (Rubber Duck) and cargo in general, among others. These techniques allow them to insert Special Operators behind enemy lines and/or provide assistance from the air in the event of natural disasters, accidents at sea or search and rescue operations on the high seas.

On the ground, they carry out operations of reconnaissance, destruction, ambushes, search and rescue of hostages, counter-insurgency operations in urban and rural areas, destruction of obstacles with all kinds of explosives.

The excellent physical strength of the Special Operator is complemented by sophisticated equipment, modern weapons, night vision equipment, submarine communications systems, underwater vehicles, laser rangefinders, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), stabilized binoculars, radio equipment, telescopic sights: daytime and night lenses, diving computers, pin locators, sonars, among others.

It also has an Explosive Deactivation Unit (UDE), whose Explosive Deactivation Teams are conformed by personnel specialized in the detection, deactivation and disposal of improvised explosive devices and unexploded ordinance, military supplies and humanitarian demining . Also, they are fundamental components of the Naval Security device, deactivating Improvised Explosive Artifacts (AEI) on land and aboard vessels, safeguarding strategic military assets, Naval Units (UU.NN) and Essential Public Services (SPE). This Operating Unit also contributes with search and rescue tasks, carrying out debris removal, controlled demolitions of infrastructure and when needed for discharges due to flooding.

In addition to the Special Operations Platoons and Explosive Deactivation Unit, the Special Operations Boats make the Special Motor Boats Unit (ULE). They participate in Coastal Combat Support Operations (AOCL), contributing with their search and attack capabilities, helped by thier stealthy displacement and high mobility to complement the tasks of maritime surveillance, shore reconnaissance, attack or collision of enemy naval units and hostile vessels, enhancing the capabilities of the Peruvian fleet. They also carry out transport operations, insertion and recovery of Special Operators, which mainly includes Maritime Interdiction Operations.

The Peruvian Naval Operators are warriors of sea, air and land, who, in assuming their duty, prefer victory before return, which is reflected in the following sentence: "We train day and night, in the worst conditions, accompanied only by our Moral and obsessive desire for the hour of truth to prove to ourselves that all this sacrifice was worth it, proving that this group of elite men, sometimes misunderstood, had a little reason and that everything that we do is because we like our jobs ... risking life every minute makes it more interesting and mystical at the same time ... Lord, I pray you pick us up after having fulfilled our mission ... And after the victory, brother, we will see each other in heaven".