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NAVAL AVIATION

NAVAL AVIATION

Comandancia de la Fuerza de Aviación Naval

The Naval Aviation, thanks to its powerful and modern operational capabilities, added to the experience of its personnel is today one of the fundamental components of our Navy. It owns aircraft such as the Fokker F60, Helicopters UH-3H and Enstrom F28, which allow it to fulfill varied and sophisticated missions supported by the Squadrons and the Maintenance Service.

It is important to highlight that our aircraft carry out different missions, such as maritime surveillance, support to surface units, maritime traffic control and protection of life at sea, contributing to the security of our national sovereignty, national development, and fulfilling with success the entrusted missions. In adittion, search and rescue (SAR) flights are conducted, logistical support in the different naval zones, as well as timely and immediate interventions in cases of natural disasters and civic actions.

The Peruvian Naval Aviation has qualified personnel that constantly trains and also have been trained in different armed institutions of the world and, our pilots conduct flights with high technology simulators, reaching the professionalism that is part of our excellence.

History

Its history goes back almost 100 years of outstanding trajectory, being the naval aircrafts first in cruising the skies of Peru, like for example the "Keyston IR-4" that flew to the Amazon region in 1927. Of course, the Naval Aviation is one of the pioneers in Latin America.

On December 9th of 1919, a supreme decree initiated the first steps to organize a Naval Aviation Corps, which would strengthen national sovereignty by integrating aircraft to what then constituted the fleet: ships and submarines. Subsequently, on January 26th of 1920, a new legal decree created the Naval Aviators Corps, being appointed as Chief of the Hydroaviation Service Juan Leguía Swayne, who was appointed to the Navy with the rank of Lieutenant Commander.

Subsequently, the US Naval Air Mission established in Peru from 1924 to 1930 consolidated the Naval Aviation by professionalizing its activities. The aeronautical stations of San Ramón and Itaya were created, which allowed the air bridge between Lima and Iquitos, through regular flights. This milestone of the national aviation deserves to stand out because it was because of the Navy that the capital could be united with such a far region of the country. 

It would be several decades after this achievements, that the Peruvian Naval Aviation continued with what historically meant its second takeoff. Thus, with Supreme Decree No. 18 of July 24th 1963, the Naval Air Service of the Peruvian Navy was created. In this way it was possible to satisfy the imperative need to have Naval Aviation in support of theFleet. Commander Armando Figueroa Roggero was the first Commander of the Aeronaval Service and his presence in the Naval Base of Callao flying the Bell 47G helicopter is part of our history.

On December 1st of 1980, on the celebration fot the creation of the General Command of Naval Operations, the Naval Air Service, took the name of Naval Aviation Force, as an integral part of the Naval Forces.

The Naval Aviation Force is now part of the General Command of Operations of the Pacific, deploying an important operational capability through its aircraft as part of the naval squadrons.

The Squadron No. 11 is formed by the B-200 and Fokker 60 aircraft, tasked with maritime surveillance. Large areas of the Pacific are covered thanks to their great autonomy, as well as surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities, conducting also search and rescue operations. The Fokker 50 from this squadron are destined to be transfrmed into signal intelligence (sigint) aircraft. This squadron also fulfills tasks of aeromedical evacuations, transport of personnel and cargo, as well as support to the general population in case of natural disasters.

The Squadron No. 21 is formed with Multipurpose SH-2G helicopters with Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and Anti-Surface Warfare capabilities, it also has the AB-212 helicopters that are part of the surface units weapons system and finally the helicopters Bell 206B for training with night vision goggles.

The Squadron N °22 has the SH-3D helicopters with maritime surveillance capability, ASW and Anti-Surface Warfare (armed with air to surface missiles), and the multipurpose helicopters UH-3H to fulfill Search and Rescue missions (SAR), aeromedical evacuations, maritime interdiction operations, transport of personnel and cargo, as well as support to the general population in case of natural disasters.

The Squadron N ° 23 with the AB-412 SP helicopters, has the mission of executing aerial operations of logistical support, Search and Rescue (SAR), support to Coastguard operations against illicit activities, support in case of natural disasters as well as contributing with social actions when required.

The Squadron No. 32 is the transport squadron responsible for transporting personnel and cargo in operational missions, as well as supporting helicopters in the Amazon. It has Antonov AN-32B aircraft and MI-8T helicopters. The exercise of its mission is complemented by civic action tasks in various parts of the country.

The Squadron No. 33, is the training squadron for pilots of the Rotary Wing, located at the Naval Aviation Base of Callao. In this squadron, our pilots of Rotary Wing are forged, aboard the Enstrom F-28F helicopters, fulfilling demanding visual and instrumental, day and night flight stages to later continue their specializations in larger aircraft.

The Squadron N° 31, is the training squadron for pilots of Fixed Wing at the Naval Aviation School in San Juan de Marcona. In this center, our Fixed Wing pilots are forged, developing the necessary skills in flight in an exclusive airspace on board the T-34 C aircraft. After demanding instrumental and visual practices, both day and night, the pilots comply with the basic and intermediate stages to continue their corresponding specialization at the Naval Aviation Base of Callao.

The junior staff study at the Naval Aviation School in the specialties of sensors, mechanics and aviation engine specialists; after two years they are qualified as crew members, training that they can continue later in the Advanced School.

In this way, the Peruvian Naval Aviation fulfills its responsibility in national defense and also participates in the actions of the Peruvian Navy in favor of the social inclusion of Peruvians throughout the country.